Organic Poultry Industry
Practices And Management
Today India is the world's fifth largest egg producer and the eighteenth largest producer of broilers and its per capita consumption of such products is poor - 37 eggs and 1 kg of poultry meat per capita per annum. The growth of the Poultry Industry in India is marked by an increase in the size of the poultry farm. Poultry is one of the fastest growing segments of the agricultural sector in India today. Production of eggs and broilers is raising at much more faster pace than that of production of agricultural as a result; India is now world's fifth largest egg producer and eighteenth largest producer of broiler. In spite of all the positive aspects still the issues of food safety and quality remains unaddressed.
There is a need to discuss the various issues of organic farming along with necessary interventions required in Poultry breeding, feeding, housing and health care management under Indian scenario. The most important feature of an organic production system is its relationship with different enterprises, where poultry is a part of a wider organic system.The interdependence of poultry and crop cultivation is such that, the crops are supplied with the manure left by the birds and crop cultivation serves as poultry ration and provides straw for bedding. Poultry sector plays a significant role in improving the socio-economic condition of rural masses by generating gainful employment and augmenting family income particularly among the marginal farmers and women in rural areas.
The main aim of organic farming is to establish and maintain soil-plant, plant-animal and animal-soil interdependence and to produce a sustainable agro-ecological system based on the local resources.
Organic poultry farms believe in the concept of preventing a disease from occurrence rather than curing it. This is done by using the bio-security measures such as cleaning and disinfecting the farms between batches and leaving it to rest for at least two months in a year. Better feeding and watering facilities are also adopted to prevent the spread of diseases. Only certain antibiotics complying with the organic standards are used in the farm during an emergency. Basic sanitation and disinfecting methods are practiced to prevent the spread of diseases in the farm by the visitors and workers.
A unique production management system which promotes and enhances agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological activity.
Poultry Housing and Management
The main objective to follow organic housing and management standards is to provide an opportunity for poultry bird to exhibit all its normal behaviour patterns. Stress free birds are likely to have a positive effect upon both the health and production capacity of the flock. Besides feed, litter material and water, the flock should be given organic products basically to release stress in flock.
- Feeding on Organic products and feeds and farm by-products.
- Satisfying egg production.
- Useful as meat.
- Good health, good resistance against diseases.
- Antibiotic free chicken & eggs.
If all management practices are directed to the well-being of the birds, they will achieve maximum resistance against disease and proven infections. Sick and infected birds should be given prompt and adequate treatment when illness does occur in the birds, objective should be to find the cause and prevent future outbreaks by eliminating the cause and changing management practices use of antibiotics should be avoided use of natural medicines and methods including Homeopathy and Ayurvedic should be emphasized in hot and humid climate area, coccidiosis and parasitic problems are more common for this, organic and herbal medicine should be given to eliminate the above said diseases.
Policies For Promotion Of Organic Poultry
Organic poultry production in India at the moment is not regulated by any formal standards at national level except few prescribed standards by international open agencies. Further Govt. should provide opportunities for national and regional marketing, processing grant schemes for the development of centralizing packing and processing policies in future.
However, a more critical review of some of these standards with respect to organic poultry for India is necessary. Developing processing and marketing standards for poultry including the optional use of indications concerning the type of farming is the need of the hour.
Increased awareness for health and well being has contributed to change in human preferences from conventionally produced food to organically grown food. The organic meat sector has increased rapidly in the western countries and is expected to increase further in the upcoming years. This increasing demand has encouraged nations to produce organic poultry products and currently 130 nations are producing certified organic products. India exports organic agriculture products of plant origin (worth Rs 72 crores), but has little contribution into the organic poultry sector.
The poultry population in India is huge and a small shift from current conventional methods of poultry farming into organic poultry farming can create a huge market for domestic use as well as export. This would ultimately contribute heavily to the economy of the nation, improve the health of the consumers and would create a balanced ecology. There is a vast scope for the promotion of organic poultry in the country without compromising on the food security issues because of the favourable conditions present in the Country, but there are certain issues which need to be overcome before planning for an organic poultry development unit.
- Lack of adequate knowledge about organic poultry farming both at the production and marketing levels.
- Improper or actually no supporting infrastructure such as financial aid, certifying agencies etc.
- Too many strict rules for sanitation and quality followed by the developed countries, which pose a problem for Indian farmers to export their products.
- Less training facilities for poultry farmers in India.
We Promote Organic Products For Development of Poultry Birds
At WhiteSpace, we have undertaken different case studies and found that the treatment of poultry birds with Organic products have a good effect on their overall development. We are also arranging seminars, meetings with poultry farmers to make them aware for the use of organic feed and restricted usage of antibiotics. Accordingly, we have introduced a health drink for poultry segment named as AviCure
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The poultry sector mainly works through the integrated groups where the group provides chicks to the poultry farm, these farms subsequently provide medicines, feed in some cases and buy back the chicken at an agreed rate from these farms on completion of the duration of the flock. We have approached these poultry groups, gave them trials for usage of Organic Products and found the following benefits.
- The researches stated that the addition of 10 ml aqueous extract of Barbadensis Miller per litre of drinking water in broiler have beneficial effect on body weight gain and feed conversion efficiency due to diversified antimicrobial activity of Barbadensis Miller.
- Coccidiosis is one of the dreaded diseases in poultry affecting mainly intestine that leads to impairs feed utilization, decreases broilers growth and egg production of laying hens and causes death of birds, enteritis, bloody diarrhea and immune-suppression in chickens that paves the way to secondary disease conditions. Usage of Barbadensis Miller resulted in significantly lower gut lesion scores and reduced faecal oocyst shedding in broiler chickens.
- By introducing AviCure in the feed of Chicken, there is a noticeable improvement in the health of the chicken and the decline of FCR (Feed conversion ratio). With this supplement, the average time of flock of chicken also reduces to 4-10 days.