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Hydroponics

Subset of Hydroculture
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Hydroponics is a simple technique in which the plants are grown using water instead of soil. It is a subset of hydroculture. Mineral nutrient solutions are used as water solvent. Terrestrial plants may be grown with only their roots exposed to the nutritious liquid, or the roots may be physically supported by an inert medium such as perlite or grave

Advantages

  • The increased control over growing conditions makes it easier to provide the best possible environment for plant, leading to better quality produce and high yield.
  • The production in hydroponics may be increased approximately two times as compared with soil cultivation in a comparable area with correct management practised because the plant does not have to compete for moisture and nutrients.
  • Hydroponics garden can provide plants with optimum qualities of the necessary nutrients during the different seasons. This will enable maximize growth to be achieved.
  • A small hydroponics garden can be set up almost anywhere even in upstairs balconies and open area and protected structures because the land is not necessary.
  • Hydroponics produce generally tastes better and is higher in nutritional value than field-grown crops.
  • Plant grow 50% faster than soil has grown under the same condition because of they easy access to food and water.
  • Continues cultivation and off-season production throughout the seasons.
  • The occurrence of soil born disease and nematode damage is not possible, so hydroponic production is exported safely.
  • Vegetable cultivation can be done with leisure sense.Water wastage reduce to the minimum’
  • There is no need for crop rotations as growing media can be reused continuously or replaced.
  • The plants are uniform in growth and maturity.

Choosing The Right Hydroponic System

Choosing a system is the first step in a successful hydroponic gardening experience. Consider your available space, lighting, budget, and time constraints before purchasing any equipment or settling on a unit to build yourself. Also think about what you want to grow, whether you may want to expand, and recurring costs.

The simplest way to start is with a passive system. These use a wicking material to draw nutrients up to the roots, or the root tips are suspended in a stationary solution with the main portion of the rootball hanging in the air. Passive systems are affordable and easy to build yourself. They are best suited for smaller plants. Active systems are best for larger plants and gardens. An active system uses a pump and timer to flow nutrients around the plant’s roots and to provide aeration. It costs more, but is more efficient and requires less attention, since the pump and timer handle everything automatically. Once you’ve looked at passive vs. active systems, you’ll need to choose between media-based and water culture systems.

Media-based systems such as ebb-and flow (flood-and-drain), top-feed (drip), or bottom-feed systems rely on a growing medium to support the plants and hold nutrient solution around their roots.

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Most operate on timers, alternately wetting the medium to wash out salts and replenish nutrients and then draining so the plants can draw in atmospheric oxygen. Setup is more complex, costs are higher, and media needs to be replaced occasionally. These systems need to be protected from power outages, which can leave vulnerable roots high and dry if the pump stops functioning. On the other hand, these systems are super efficient, since nutrients are recycled back into the reservoir, and use of timers means they need less attention from you.

Water culture systems usually operate without media. Plants are anchored in a plank that floats on the reservoir, suspending the roots in the nutrient solution. This kind of system is simple and inexpensive to set up and is great for water-loving plants, though special care must be taken if you want to use it with large plants. You can use rockwool cubes or small amounts of gravel to anchor plants like tomatoes and cucumbers that get top heavy when they start to bear fruit. You can also use plastic flaps, foam rings, fiber cups, or plastic collars for plant support, or tie plants to a trellis.

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Hydrofarm

Brings Productive Commercial Technology to Home
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Commercial growers have been using efficient hydroponic methods for years. There's no worry about soil-born diseases or pests, and there's no weeding. For professional growers, quicker harvests and higher yields are good reasons to use hydroponics.

At Hydrofarm we've adapted these proven techniques to convenient home gardening systems. We have incorporated high performance technology with quality professional-grade materials, and designed a full range of systems for your personal use.

Grow Lights Basics

High Intensity Grow Lights Are Easy To Use
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At Hydrofarm we’ve taken highly effective but cumbersome commercial greenhouse technology and created a broad selection of high intensity lighting systems for both the novice indoor gardener and the seasoned indoor grower. Our high intensity grow lights are easy for home gardeners to use. They come pre-wired and are rated at 120 volts (your normal home current), so they’re compatible with any standard home outlet. Just hang them from a simple ceiling hook, plug them in, and start growing.

With Hydrofarm’s sun-like high intensity lighting, you can turn any room of your home into a virtual greenhouse. Grow any plant, anywhere, anytime you choose! Imagine harvesting fresh tomatoes, picking peppers or growing a rare orchid in your basement – these lights make it possible. A single system can easily provide all the light needed to cover anywhere from a 1' x 2' area up to a 12' x 12' area, depending on what size wattage system meets your growing needs.

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Hydrofarm’s full spectrum fluorescents and lighting systems make it easy to grow the garden you want – whether you’re starting seedlings for your outdoor spring garden or growing your favorite plants indoors. Use our lower wattage fluorescents for seedlings, cuttings and low light plants like African violets. Higher wattage fluorescent grow lights provide an excellent starter light for year-round gardening indoors.

Growing Media

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  • Coconut Coir is an organic grow medium for hydroponic cultivation or amendment to organic soil, excellent air and moisture retention properties, and harbors beneficial micro-organisms.
  • Organic Soil is rich in beneficial microbiology – it contains its own ecosystem within every bag. Ideal for all stages of plant growth and takes fortification of synthetic and organic nutrition regiments.
  • Mats improve plant stability and root growth in all tray style hydroponic systems. Root growth is not restricted, but improved, as these mats provide protection from algae and light contamination.
  • Compressed bricks provide a compact and efficient means for storage and transport of large volumes of coir. Shelf life is indefinite when protected from moisture and sterility is ensured.
  • Peat pellets, organic plugs, and rockwool starter cubes are excellent for propagation of healthy cuttings and seedlings. Root systems become well established, increasing the transplant rates of your favorite crops.